Diabetes is a metabolic disorder where in human body does not produce or properly uses insulin, a hormone that is required to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by constant high levels of blood glucose (sugar). Human body has to maintain the blood glucose level at a very narrow range, which is done with hormones and chemicals.
Diabetes symptoms vary somewhat, depending on what type of diabetes you have. If you have prediabetes or gestational diabetes, you may not experience symptoms. Or you might experience some or all of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gum or skin infections and vaginal or bladder infections
Although type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it typically appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the most common type, can develop at any age and is often preventable.
WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR ?
If you suspect you may have diabetes or notice any possible diabetes symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin. If you've been diagnosed with diabetes, you'll need close medical follow-up until your blood sugar levels stabilize.
LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES
Diabetes is a serious disease. Following your diabetes treatment plan takes round-the-clock commitment. But your efforts are worthwhile. Careful management of diabetes can reduce your risk of serious - even life-threatening - complications.
Lifestyle for all diabetes :
No matter what type of diabetes you have: • • Make a commitment to managing your diabetes. Learn all you can about diabetes. Make healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily routine. ask our expert team of doctors and nutritionist for help when you need it.
- Walk regularly for 30-45 minutes.
- People with diabetes should attain as near as normal Blood Glucose Control (HbA1c), Blood Pressure, and Healthy Cholesterol level.
- Avoid Alcohol
- Foods that are low on the Glycemic index appear to have less of an impact on blood sugar levels after meals. Low GI foods include Whole Bran, Wheat, Oat and Oat Bran, Brown Rice, Green Leafy Vegetables, Fruits with Skin, Beans, and Pulses.
- Avoid Potato, Sweet Potato, Yam, Beetroot, and Colocasia.
- Avoid Mango, Grapes, Banana, and Cheeku.
- Be sure to eat a wide variety of foods. Having a colorful plate is the best way to ensure that you are eating plenty of Fruits, Vegetables, Meats, and other forms of Protein such as Nuts, Dairy Products, and Grains/Cereals.
- Choose foods high in fiber such as Whole Grain Breads, Fruit, and Cereal. They contain important Vitamins and Minerals. We should eat 20-30 grams of fiber per day. These can be derived from Oats, Barley, Psyllium, and Beans.
- In women with gestational diabetes, it's important to eat multiple meals and snacks per day as recommended.
- Do not skip meals.
- Eat meals and snacks at regular times every day. If you are taking a diabetes medicine, eat your meals and take your medicine at the same times each day.
- Include bitter Gourd, Neem, Drumstick, Jamun, Indian Gooseberry in your diet.
diet plan, eating plan, meal plan... whatever you call it, choosing what to eat is an important part of your day, especially if you are managing diabetes. – people with diabetes have to take extra care to make sure that their food is balanced with insulin and oral medications (if they take them), and exercise to help manage their blood glucose levels.
This might sound like a lot of work, but our doctors and dietitian can help you create a meal plan that is best for you. When you make healthy food choices, you will improve your overall health and you can even prevent complications such as heart disease and some cancers.